Hidden Attraction: The History and Mystery of Magnetism by Gerrit L. Verschuur

By Gerrit L. Verschuur

Lengthy one in every of nature's so much attention-grabbing phenomena, magnetism used to be the topic of many superstitions. Magnets have been idea important to thieves, potent as a love potion or as a remedy for gout or spasms. they can get rid of sorcery from girls and placed demons to flight or even reconcile married undefined. It used to be acknowledged lodestone pickled within the salt of sucking fish had the ability to draw gold. this present day, those ideals were set aside, yet magnetism is not any much less outstanding for our smooth knowing of it. In Hidden appeal, Gerrit L. Verschuur, a famous astronomer and nationwide e-book Award nominee for The Invisible Universe, strains the heritage of our fascination with magnetism, from the 1st discovery of magnets in Greece, to state of the art theories that see magnetism as a simple strength within the universe. The e-book starts off with the early debunking of superstitions via Peter Peregrinus (Pierre de Maricourt), whom Roger Bacon hailed as one of many world's first experimental scientists (Perigrinus held that "experience instead of argument is the root of sure bet in science"). Verschuur discusses William Gilbert, who faced the multitude of superstitions approximately lodestones in De Magnete, greatly considered as the 1st actual paintings of recent technological know-how, during which Gilbert said his maximum perception: that the earth itself was once magnetic. We additionally meet Hans Christian Oersted, who validated that an electrical present may impression a magnet (Oersted did this for the 1st time in the course of a public lecture) and Andre-Marie Ampere, who confirmed present truly produced magnetism. Verschuur additionally examines the pioneering experiments and theoretical breakthroughs of Faraday and Maxwell and Zeeman (who validated the connection among gentle and magnetism), and he comprises many vigorous tales of discovery, equivalent to using frogs by means of Galvani and Volta, and Hertz's unintentional discovery of radio waves. alongside the best way, we study many attention-grabbing clinical evidence, possibly the main extraordinary of that's that lodestones are made by means of micro organism (a sediment organism often called GS-15 eats iron, changing ferric oxide to magnetite and, over billions of years, forming the magnetite layers in iron formations). Boasting many informative illustrations, this is often an experience of the brain, utilizing the explicit phenomenon of magnetism to teach how we have now moved from an period of superstitions to at least one during which the idea of every thing looms at the horizon.

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Electron Paramagnetic Resonance Vol. 16 by Bruce C Gilbert, N M Atherton, M J Davies, Michael D

By Bruce C Gilbert, N M Atherton, M J Davies, Michael D Sevilla, D Becker, Juergen Huttermann, Graham S Timmins, A A Doubinski, Malcolm D E Forbes, Gunther Grampp, Larry Kevan, Martin Hartmann, Paul Tordo, Christine M R Clancy, Valery F Tarasov, Reinhard Kap

This product isn't really to be had individually, it is just offered as a part of a collection. There are 750 items within the set and those are all bought as one entity. summary: This product isn't on hand individually, it is just bought as a part of a suite. There are 750 items within the set and those are all offered as one entity

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Shielding Against High Energy Radiation by A. Fasso, K. Göbel, M. Höfert, J. Ranft (auth.), H. Schopper

By A. Fasso, K. Göbel, M. Höfert, J. Ranft (auth.), H. Schopper (eds.)

This quantity is an advent to the matter of defending opposed to high-energy radiation. Its target is to offer tips whilst estimating and assessing protective for high-energy accelerators and experiments. the knowledge of the suitable actual phenomena advanced with the advance of the fashionable high-energy accel- erators for either protons and electrons. those experimental amenities in addition to area flights, the place guy is uncovered to traditional high-energy radiation, created the necessity for designing protecting opposed to those radiation resources. The tactics desirous about high-energy hadron and electromagnetic interactions may be principally simulated via Monte-Carlo calculations. effects from such simulations are provided within the proper chapters, including experimental information. The quantitative info pertinent to shiedling estimations is given within the type of formulae, graphs and tables. The power variety above 1 BeV as much as 10 TeV, selected for the first debris, corresponds to that of the top strength accelerators and colliders, latest or deliberate, used for learning constructions and systematics of common debris. it's also the power diversity fo the dominant a part of the galactic radiation detectable on this planet floor within the kind of secondary muons or huge prolonged showers.

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Nanotubes and Nanowires (Handbook of Nanophysics) by Klaus D. Sattler

By Klaus D. Sattler

Extensive learn on fullerenes, nanoparticles, and quantum dots within the Nineties resulted in curiosity in nanotubes and nanowires in next years. instruction manual of Nanophysics: Nanotubes and Nanowires makes a speciality of the elemental physics and newest purposes of those very important nanoscale fabrics and buildings. each one peer-reviewed bankruptcy features a broad-based creation and complements knowing of the state of the art clinical content material via basic equations and illustrations, a few in color.

This quantity first covers key features of carbon nanotubes, together with quantum and electron delivery, isotope engineering, and fluid stream, earlier than exploring inorganic nanotubes, reminiscent of spinel oxide nanotubes, magnetic nanotubes, and self-assembled peptide nanostructures. It then makes a speciality of germanium, gallium nitride, gold, polymer, and natural nanowires and their houses. The e-book additionally discusses nanowire arrays, nanorods, atomic wires, monatomic chains, ultrathin gold nanowires, and a number of other nanorings, together with superconducting, ferromagnetic, and quantum dot nanorings.

Nanophysics brings jointly a number of disciplines to figure out the structural, digital, optical, and thermal habit of nanomaterials; electric and thermal conductivity; the forces among nanoscale items; and the transition among classical and quantum habit. Facilitating verbal exchange throughout many disciplines, this landmark booklet encourages scientists with disparate pursuits to collaborate on interdisciplinary tasks and comprise the speculation and technique of alternative parts into their paintings.

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Biomolecular EPR Spectroscopy by Wilfred Raymond Hagen

By Wilfred Raymond Hagen

Comprehensive, updated insurance of Spectroscopy concept and its functions to organic Systems

Although a mess of books were released approximately spectroscopy, such a lot of them purely sometimes discuss with organic structures and the explicit difficulties of biomolecular EPR (bioEPR). Biomolecular EPR Spectroscopy provides a realistic advent to bioEPR and demonstrates how this notable instrument permits researchers to delve into the structural, sensible, and analytical research of paramagnetic molecules present in the biochemistry of all species in the world.

A Must-Have Reference in an Intrinsically Multidisciplinary Field

This authoritative reference seamlessly covers all vital bioEPR purposes, together with low-spin and high-spin metalloproteins, spin traps and spin lables, interplay among lively websites, and redox structures. it truly is loaded with useful tips in addition to do’s and don’ts which are according to the author’s 30 years of expertise within the box. The ebook additionally comes with an exceptional set of assisting software program designed with basic graphical consumer interfaces that let readers to take on difficulties they'll most probably come across whilst engaged in spectral research.

Breaking with conference, the publication broaches quantum mechanics from the viewpoint of organic relevance, emphasizing low-symmetry platforms. it is a useful strategy considering paramagnets in biomolecules generally haven't any symmetry. the place key themes relating to quantum mechanics are addressed, the booklet bargains a rigorous remedy in a mode that's quick-to-grasp for the non specialist. Biomolecular EPR Spectroscopy is a pragmatic, all-inclusive reference absolute to develop into the regular.

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Geoid Determination: Theory and Methods by Fernando Sansò, Michael G. Sideris

By Fernando Sansò, Michael G. Sideris

This booklet could be in response to the cloth of the lecture noties in different overseas faculties for the selection and Use of the Geoid, geared up via the foreign Geoid Serivice of the foreign organization of Geodesy. It consolidates, unifies, and streamlines this fabric in a distinct means now not covereed via the few different books that exist in this subjext. extra particularly, the ebook provides (for the 1st time in one quantity) the idea and technique of the commonest process used for unique selection of the geoid, together with the computation of the marine geoid from satellite tv for pc altimetry information. those are illustrated through particular examples and real computations of neighborhood geoids. furthermore, the publication presents the basics of estimating orthometric heights with out spirit levelling, by way of effectively combining a geoid with heights from GPS. in addition to the geodectic and geophysical makes use of, this final program has made geoid computation tools very hot in recent times as the complete GPS and GIS person groups have an interest in estimating geoid undulations which will convert GPS heights to bodily significant orthometric heights (elevations above suggest sea level). the general goal of the e-book is, hence, to supply the consumer group (academics, graduate scholars, geophysicists, engineers, oceanographers, GIS and GPS clients, researchers) with a self-contained textbook, in an effort to offer them with the full roadmap of estimating geoid undulations, from the theoretical definitions and formulation to the on hand numerical tools and their implementation and the try in practice.

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Physics of Ferromagnetism by Soshin Chikazumi

By Soshin Chikazumi

This ebook is meant as a textbook for college students and researchers attracted to the actual points of ferromagnetism. the extent of presentation assumes just a easy wisdom of electromagnetic conception and atomic physics and a normal familiarity with quite ordinary arithmetic. in the course of the booklet the emphasis is totally on reasons of actual techniques instead of on rigorous theoretical remedies which require a heritage in quantum mechanics and excessive point arithmetic. the aim of this e-book is to offer a normal view of magnetic phenomena, focusing it is major curiosity on the middle of the large box of ferromagnetism, starting from concept to the engineering functions comparable to delicate and difficult magnetic fabrics and magnetics stories. considerably various from the author's earlier ebook Physics of Magnetism released in 1964, the current version is well prepared and contains newer advancements.

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Electronic Structure and Magnetism of Complex Materials by S. Halilov (auth.), Dr. David J. Singh, Dr. Dimitrios A.

By S. Halilov (auth.), Dr. David J. Singh, Dr. Dimitrios A. Papaconstantopoulos (eds.)

Recent advancements in digital constitution thought have ended in a brand new knowing of magnetic fabrics on the microscopic point. this permits a very first-principles method of investigations of technologically very important magnetic fabrics. between those advances were functional schemes for dealing with non-collinear magnetic structures, together with relativity, knowing of the origins and position of orbital magnetism inside of band constitution formalisms, density useful ways for magnons and low-lying spin excitations, realizing of the interaction of orbital, spin and lattice orderings in advanced oxides, delivery theories for layered structures, and the speculation of magnetic interactions in doped semiconductors. The ebook covers those fresh advancements with overview articles through a number of the major originators of those advances.

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Structures of Permanent Magnets by Manlio G. Abele

By Manlio G. Abele

Commences with a evaluate of the elemental ideas of magnetostatics and the research of options to difficulties in basic geometrics, through the layout of magnetic buildings. The 3rd part analyzes significant facets of the magnetic constructions and demagnetization homes of exact magnetic fabric. bargains a couple of sensible makes use of for everlasting magnets, relatively to Magnetic Resonance Imaging and in addition contains business equipment, excessive strength accelerators and unfastened electron lasers.

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