An Introduction to the History of Psychology (7th Edition) by B. R. Hergenhahn, Tracy Henley

By B. R. Hergenhahn, Tracy Henley

Desires questioned early guy, Greek philosophers spun complex theories to give an explanation for human reminiscence and notion, Descartes postulated that the mind was once jam-packed with "animal spirits," and psychology used to be formally deemed a "science" within the nineteenth century. during this 7th variation of AN creation TO THE historical past OF PSYCHOLOGY, authors Hergenhahn and Henley exhibit that almost all of the troubles of up to date psychologists are manifestations of topics which have been a part of psychology for hundreds--or even thousands--of years. The book's a variety of pictures and pedagogical units, in addition to its biographical fabric on key figures in psychology, have interaction readers and facilitate their figuring out of every chapter.

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Humans, they say, are the only animals that freely choose their courses of action and are therefore morally responsible for that action. It thus makes sense to judge human behavior as good or bad. Similar judgments of animal behavior are meaningless. Without the ability to reason and to choose, there can be no guilt. Holding in abeyance the cartoon, most psychologists fall somewhere between the two extremes, saying that some things can be learned about humans by studying other animals, but that some things cannot.

Successful ideas, no matter what their source, survived, and unsuccessful ideas did not. This natural selection among ideas is called evolutionary epistemology, and it conflicts with Kuhn’s concept of paradigm shifts. What has all of this to do with psychology? One certainly could fit the history of psychology into Kuhnian terms. For example, suggesting that American psychology’s first school, structuralism, was displaced by Watson’s behaviorism, which following a cognitive revolution was in turn itself displaced.

INTRODUCTION can exist if the sense receptors can respond only partially to what is physically present—for example, to only certain sounds or colors. A discrepancy can also exist if information is lost or distorted as it is being transmitted from the sense receptors to the brain. Also, the brain itself can transform sensory information, thus creating a discrepancy between physical and phenomenal reality. The important question here is, Given the fact that there is a physical world and a psychological world, how are the two related?

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