By Ronald J. Deibert, John G. Palfrey, Rafal Rohozinski, Jonathan Zittrain
Many nations all over the world block or filter out web content material, denying entry to information—often approximately politics, but in addition in terms of sexuality, tradition, or religion—that they deem too delicate for usual electorate. entry Denied records and analyzes net filtering practices in over 3 dozen international locations, delivering the 1st carefully performed learn of this accelerating pattern. web filtering occurs in at the very least 40 states around the world together with many nations in Asia and the center East and North Africa. similar web content material regulate mechanisms also are in position in Canada, the us, and a cluster of nations in Europe. Drawing on a just-completed survey of world web filtering undertaken by way of the OpenNet Initiative (a collaboration of the Berkman middle for net and Society at Harvard legislations institution, the Citizen Lab on the collage of Toronto, the Oxford web Institute at Oxford college, and the college of Cambridge) and hoping on paintings by way of local specialists and an in depth community of researchers, entry Denied examines the political, criminal, social, and cultural contexts of web filtering in those states from various views. Chapters speak about the mechanisms and politics of net filtering, the strengths and barriers of the expertise that powers it, the relevance of overseas legislation, moral issues for firms that offer states with the instruments for blocking off and filtering, and the consequences of net filtering for activist groups that more and more depend upon net applied sciences for speaking their missions. stories on net content material legislation in 40 various nations stick to, with each one kingdom profile outlining the kinds of content material blocked by means of type and documenting key findings. Contributors : Ross Anderson, Malcolm Birdling, Ronald Deibert, Robert Faris, Vesselina Haralampieva, Steven Murdoch, Helmi Noman, John Palfrey, Rafal Rohozinski, Mary Rundle, Nart Villeneuve, Stephanie Wang, and Jonathan Zittrain
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Extra info for Access Denied. Practice and Policy of Global Internet Filtering [censorship]
Com appears in the URL path. Filtering systems can also be configured to redirect users to another Web site. In most cases, redirection is identical to blockpage filtering, the only difference being the route used 16 Robert Faris and Nart Villeneuve to produce the blockpage. ISPs in Iran, Singapore, Thailand, and Yemen all use redirection to a blockpage. com, suggesting that the government wishes to conceal that fact that blocking has taken place. There are thus various degrees of transparency in Internet filtering.
The Internet filtering tests carried out in Russia in 2006 were limited to ISPs accessible in Moscow. These results therefore do not necessarily reflect the situation in other areas of the country. 5. org/). 6. The strategies for addressing alleged intellectual property rights violations can vary significantly from standard Internet filtering. Rather than blocking Web sites that continue to be available from other locations, efforts generally focus on taking down the content from the Web sites that have posted the material and on removing the sites from the results of search engines.
The same is true of the related freedoms of 32 Jonathan Zittrain and John Palfrey association, religion, and privacy. Most states that have been serious about controlling the information environment have done so by holding on to the only megaphones—whether it takes the form of a printing press, a newspaper, a radio station, or a television station—and banning anyone from saying anything potentially subversive. The rise of the Internet, initially seen as little more than an information delivery mechanism, put pressure on this strategy of control.