By American Association for the Advancement of Science, National Research Council, Division on Earth and Life Studies, Board on Life Sciences, Policy and Global Affairs, Security, and Cooperation Development, Committee on Assessing Fundamental Attitudes of
An analogous applied sciences that gas clinical advances additionally pose power risks--that the data, instruments, and strategies received via valid biotechnology learn may be misused to create organic guns or for bioterrorism. this can be known as the twin use limitation of the lifestyles sciences. but even learn with the best power for misuse may possibly supply major merits. picking out find out how to constrain the risk with no harming crucial clinical study is necessary for nationwide protection in addition to prosperity and healthiness. This publication discusses a 2007 survey of yankee organization for the development of technological know-how (AAAS) participants within the lifestyles sciences approximately their wisdom of twin use matters and attitudes approximately their duties to assist mitigate the hazards of misuse in their examine. total, the consequences recommend that there is huge aid for methods to oversight that depend on measures which are constructed and applied by means of the clinical neighborhood itself. The responses additionally recommend that there's a have to make clear the scope of analysis actions of outrage and to supply assistance approximately what activities scientists can take to lessen the chance that their learn should be misused by means of people with malicious rationale.
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Extra info for A Survey of Attitudes and Actions on Dual Use Research in the Life Sciences: A Collaborative Effort of the National Research Council and the American Association for the Advancement of Science
These problems are dealt with in another NRC report, Beyond Fortress America: National Security Controls on Science and Technology in A Globalized World (NRC 2009). 39 See NRC (2006b) for a discussion of this issue focused on international graduate students. OVERVIEW 35 the oversight of research in the life sciences that involves enhancing the responsibilities of institutional biosafety committees (IBCs) to include review of biosecurity implications of research activities (Steinbruner et al. 2007).
L. 107–56, October 26, 2001) established restrictions on the possession of select agents by aliens from countries designated as supporting terrorism and for other individuals who were deemed unsafe for speciﬁc objective reasons, such as those ineligible to purchase handguns. The act also made it an offense for a person to knowingly possess any biological agent, toxin, or delivery system of a type or in a quantity that, under the circumstances, is not reasonably justiﬁed by prophylactic, protective, bona ﬁde research or other peaceful purpose.
2007). This review would be complemented by regional IBCs and international IBCs. The project has also developed an electronic questionnaire for these entities to help them evaluate research activities for their dual use potential. A consequence of the proposal would be that the performance and communication of speciﬁc life sciences research falling within a narrow set of parameters could be prevented at a series of review stages, including potential review by a new international organization. Van Aken (2006) has also called for internationally harmonized and legally binding rules for conducting dual use research, in order to prevent the misuse of biological knowledge.