By Jerome S. Blackman
Defenses are psychological operations that fix or keep psychic equilibrium whilst humans think that they can not deal with feelings that stem from clash; they get rid of parts of disagreeable feelings from wakeful information. for instance, utilizing intercourse, meals, or hostility to alleviate pressure - that's a safeguard - catalogued right here as access quantity sixty eight: Impulsivity. Screaming at somebody could be a protection. enjoying golfing could be a safety. So can saving cash. Or not less than all of those actions may well contain defenses. during this ebook, Blackman catalogs one hundred and one defenses - the main ever compiled - with descriptions useful to be used in daily evaluation and therapy of psychopathology. He explains find out how to become aware of and interpret a protection and provides supportive remedy innovations. the various useful assistance interspersed all through this article make it an outstanding reference device for college students and skilled clinicians, whereas the straightforward positive aspects enable all readers to adventure how mental defenses function in lifestyle.
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Extra resources for 101 Defenses: How the Mind Shields Itself
R’s attempts to get Dr. C to experience what Ms. R, herself, had experienced as a child: longing and insecurity regarding a mother who took care of her financially but was frequently gone on trips. Dr. C responded that she had not thought of this; she had felt it best to DEFENSES THAT ARISE IN PSYCHOSEXUAL DEVELOPMENT 45 “contain” Ms. R’s striving for independence. Dr. C did not want the patient to quit because she felt Ms. R needed the treatment. My impression was that, by being an understanding “container,” Dr.
25. Repression (Freud, 1923; Arlow & Brenner, 1964) You make the thought content of an affect unconscious. ) You don’t know you are repressing things. Contrarily, if you forget something on purpose, you are suppressing it. During a panic attack, people feel jittery, they perspire, and their heart pounds, but they often don’t recall the thoughts that started the reaction. 8 Freud, early on (1900a), concluded from his data on people with conversion symptoms and sexual disturbances that repression caused socially scorned sexual thoughts to be forgotten, which in turn resulted in the sexual urges being changed into anxiety.
It said: “Dr. Blackman, it’s your fault that I’m alive. My father put me down again, so I got in the car in the garage, and was starting to turn the key But then I thought you would say it was ‘stupid’ to hurt myself just because I was mad at my father. ” In this situation, my dynamic interpretation of Mr. Z’s defense of turning on the self had only been partially effective. He had not entirely integrated my interpretation. Instead, he had maintained an introject of me and my words to him concerning the futility of killing himself.